Winter / Spring / Autumn Mountaineering in Chamonix & The Alps

There are some dedicated alpinists who consider summer to be the only ‘off-season’ period for alpine mountaineering. It is indeed often in winter, spring and autumn that the combination of snow, ice, low temperatures and quiet mountains give the winter alpinist that spark of adventure, always tempered by the tougher mountain conditions and greater commitment.

The easier mixed and rocky ridges of high summer are transformed in to bigger challenges in their winter garb and often just being out on the hill is both a privilege and challenge in itself.  Some of the classic 4000m peaks including Gran Paradiso and Mont Blanc can be almost at their best in the autumn months.

For those of suitable experience, fitness and determination and seeking a bigger challenge there are a fine series of North Faces ranging in size and difficulty to cater for most Winter Alpinists. From the Tete Blanche and Tour Ronde to the Chardonnet, Aiguille du Midi, Les Droites and many more. These North Faces give tough mountaineering experiences that are only suited to those prepared to embrace the concept that winter alpine mountaineering is hard work and not always ‘type 1 fun’ at the time!

Mountain Reports From Previous Summits & Routes Climbed in Autumn, Winter & Spring 

Zermatt Mountaineering
High on the Breithorn Summit Ridge in autumn 2020. A very accessible 4000m peak rapidly approached from the lifts of Zermatt, which are open in autumn.

Route Approaches, Lift Access & Winter Room Huts

Fresh snow in winter takes a long time to consolidate and where a glacial approach in summer is typically associated with crampons crunching on a frozen glacier, in winter it is more likely to be wading through thigh deep soft snow! This means that the mountaineer who can ski is likely to profit most from their time in the winter alpine environment.

By using the big 3 lifts of the Mont Blanc massif (Aiguille du Midi from Chamonix, Grands Montets fromn Argentiere and Hellbroner from Courmayeur) rapid access to 3300m+ is gained and, in good conditions and travelling on skis, some of the classic high Chamonix Goulottes can be climbed and the ski descent to the valley completed on the same day.

For those wanting to attempt the bigger faces or to spend more time up high in the magical winter alpine environment an overnight stay can be made in one of the various ‘winter rooms’ of the high mountain huts. For those who can’t ski or don’t want to carry skis over a climb, snow shoes provide the next best option and the greater times involved meant that an overnight in a mountain hut winter room is likely to be involved. This can be a fine experience in itself and give an insight in to the winter mountains outwith the times of the skiers and day visitors using the lifts.

Winter Hut stay
Dinner at the Chabod Hut winter room on our autumn Gran Paradiso course…boil in the bag!  A different experience to summer but equally rewarding, if not more so!

Training & Guiding

As with all our courses there is a balance to be struck between ‘just’ going climbing and enjoying some brilliant routes and adding a more structured training element to develop your skills as a winter alpinist. This balance is directed by your aspirations and we provide a bespoke course accordingly. Please check out some of the suggested suitable winter / spring / autumn climbs below and the various options for training topics to be covered. Remember that the best training for going climbing….is going climbing!

“Thanks again for a Chamonix wonder week Rob. It was a real pleasure having the opportunity to be out in the mountains with you. You did a sterling job mate and were good fun to be with. I hope we get the chance to do it again sometime. All the best, Matt”

Matt, Chamonix, Jan 2009

Chamonix ice climbing, on the Rive Gauche Argentiere Glacier

Autumn Summit Climbs

Mont Blanc, Gran Paradiso, Weissmies

Summit of Mont Blanc and the mixture of emotions are running high. France on one side, Italy on the other. Magnificent view across the Alps, tired legs…must concentrate…must keep going for the descent. Relief? Satisfaction? Elation? Concern about the descent? Mont Blanc is a very personal challenge….
Early autumn ascent of the Gran Paradiso. Shallow fresh snow, cool temperatures, a chilly breeze and stunning views around the Alpine chain…
Good fun scrambling high on the classic South Ridge of the Weissmeis with the Almageller Hut and Dry Hornli Ridge in shade far below…

Selection of Possible Climbs

Whilst any winter alpine trip in to the mountains is likely to be a physically tough experience there are a fine variety of routes offering good quality outings from those of moderate technical ability right through to the seasoned alpinist at home on technical ground on a big face. Below we offer a selection of route suggestions that form a very rough progression in terms of overall difficulty and commitment. Many of these can be tackled in a day off the high Chamonix lifts whilst the larger routes often need several days to complete the approach, climb and descent. Your course itinerary will be tailor made according to your preferences for the style and difficulty of the routes:

  • Traverse of the Gros Rognon, PD
  • Traverse of Pointe Lachenal, PD
  • Traverse Aiguilles Marbrees, PD
  • Petite Verte, PD
  • Cosmiques Arete, AD 4a
  • Chere Couloir, II 4, 350m
  • Tour Ronde Ordinary Route, AD
  • Traverse Aiguille d’Entreves, AD
  • Pellisier Gully, II 4 M5
  • Gabarrou-Albinoni, III, 4+, 500m
  • North Face Aiguille de Toule, AD
  • Left Edge Route, AD, 350m
  • Contamine Mazeaud, AD+, 350m
  • Perroux Gully, III 4+ 5b, 350m
  • Gully Variations, III, 4+
  • Midi-Plan Ridge, AD
  • Modica Noury, III 5+
  • North Face Tour Ronde, D 350m
  • Claire Chazal
  • Rebuffat Gully, II 4, 350m Tour Ronde
  • Farraon
  • Fil a Plomb
  • Aiguille du Chardonnet North Face, Migot Spur or Escarra Route
  • Madness Tres Mince
  • Charlet Ghillini
  • Pinocchio
  • Eugster Direct
  • Lagarde Couloir
  • Supercouloir
  • Cecinel Nomine
  • Winter ice and mixed climbs in the Aravis
Aravis Mixed Climbing Guide
Aravis Mixed Climbing

Training Modules

The following relevant training elements may be covered on a Chamonix winter / spring / autumn mountaineering course according to your existing knowledge and enthusiasm to learn:

  • Ice and mixed climbing techniques + good dry tooling options
  • Winter climbing protection
  • Simple and effective climbing ropework for pitching and moving together
  • Glacier travel and crevasse rescue techniques
  • Avalanche hazard awareness and decision making
  • Route selection according to current conditions
  • Navigation including the use of a GPS
  • Ski mountaineering techniques for ascent and descent to / from routes
  • Transceiver use
Dry Tooling at Servoz on the steep finish to the route Momus, M6


Winter alpine mountaineering is not for the faint hearted and you should be fully aware before booking that every aspect of it is both physically and mentally demanding. Days can be up to 12 hours, or longer on a big North Face, and you must be prepared for this by being both very fit and determined to embrace the high mountain environment. You should also be aware that this winter / spring / autumn alpine environment contains hazards which are sometimes beyond the control of your Guide and be prepared to accept the risks associated with travel in crevassed and avalanche prone terrain and occassionaly threatened by ice / serac fall from above.

You will have ideally practised the skills of alpinism on a summer course and be already familiar with climbing, rope and equipment techniques. However if these skills are not already in place we can use valley cascades, lower glaciers, mountains and crags and put together a suitable training package.

“Just to say a big thanks from me and Chris for a brilliant few days ice & mixed climbing over the new year. It was exactly what we were looking for. I think we have both fallen for the world of mixed climbing and will definitely be trying some more soon by ourselves. I would recommend taking a course with Rob to anyone looking to try something new in the mountains. It was a brilliant way to get a head-start into a new area of climbing for us. Thanks again, Andy.”

Andy & Chris, Feb 2010

 “Thanks for a great week of mountaineering in March 2010.
A day of guided climbing in your company is worth many days of regular climbing as you pass on your knowledge in a generous, constructive and helpful way. This makes for a great learning experience, especially for those of us who can’t get out as much as we would like due to working and so on, which improves one’s climbing considerably in terms of technical skills, safety, efficiency, knowledge of the mountains and ability to enjoy them while tackling objectives big or small. I would recommend this to everyone who shares my enthusiasm for alpine climbing and wants to enjoy and improve themselves. Many thanks for your invaluable help, encouragement and help in ticking off some classic routes – I look forward to more in the future!
Cheers John”

John, March 2010

Further Details:

Equipment List, please refer to our alpine mountaineering kit list and be aware that outwith the high summer season you will need warmer boots (e.g your ski boots or La Sportiva Spantiks, Scarpa 6000m or similar), warmer gloves; a warmer duvet jacket and good quality face protection e.g. neoprene face mask, buff, goggles, balaclava and good jacket hoods.

Mountain Reports From Previous Summits & Routes Climbed in Autumn, Winter & Spring

30 May 2021, Aiguille du Midi & Chamonix Mountaineering Conditions

26 March 2021, La Mamule North Face, Les Aravis

24 March 2021, Mini Couloir, Cascade EMHM, Grands Montets Ski Touring

7 March 2021, Momus, Servoz Dry Tooling

3 March 2021 Aravicimes, Fine Aravis Mixed Climbing Conditions

11 February 2021, Home Wet Home, Rive Gauche & Grands Montets Climb Ski Conditions

27 January 2021, Ice Climbing Conditions In The Aravis & Mt Blanc Massifs